Glossary

A

  • Against the Grain

    Used to describe the direction of the grain on paper. Against the grain is at right angles to the grain direction being used, as compared to with the grain.

  • Align

    Lining up characters and images on a document using a base or vertical line as a reference point.

  • Amendments/Alterations

    Changes made to the copy after it has been set.

  • Anti-Offset Powder

    A fine powder that’s sprayed over the printed surface of coated paper as it leaves the press, this prevents set-off.

B

  • Backing Up

    To print the second side of a printed sheet.

  • Bitmap

    A digital graphic image formed by tiny squares called pixels. The more pixels in an image, the clearer it appears.

  • Binding

    This is the process used to keep your books and booklets together. There are many different methods of binding; the most commonly used are saddle stitch, perfect and burst bound.

  • Black

    The colour of maximum darkness. For CMYK printing, you will get the deepest black possible by adding 30 – 50% cyan to 100% black. There is no other combination that produces a better black.

  • Blanket

    A rubber coated fabric sheet that’s mounted on a cylinder of an offset press. It receives the inked image from the plate and transfers it to the surface to be printed.

  • Borders

    A margin around the edge of artwork. We recommend that all borders are more than 3mm wide on the trim edges.

C

  • Caliper

    The measurement for the thickness of a sheet of paper or board, expressed in microns or millionths of a metre. It’s also the name of the tool used to make the measurement.

  • Celloglaze

    This is a plastic film heat bonded to printed products such as booklet covers or business cards. It can be either gloss or matt and can be applied to either both or just one side of an item.

  • Centring

    Each file should be placed into a picture box and auto-centred, so the centre of your artwork is the centre of your trim.

  • Chalking

    A powdering effect left on the surface of the paper after the printing process is complete. It’s the result of ink not drying properly and due to a fault in printing.

  • Coated

    Printing papers that have had a surface coating to give a smoother, more even finish with greater opacity.

  • Cold Lamination (gloss or matt)

    Uses pressure sensitive adhesives to bind the film to the material being laminated. This is your best option when you are laminating heat-sensitive work.

  • Collating

    The process of arranging your printed and/or other materials into a desired sequence and packing them for dispatch.

  • Colour Mode

    Colour mode/space/model must be CMYK (not RGB).

  • Colour Separation

    The process of separating a continuous tone colour into the four process colours for print production.

  • Concertina Fold

    A method of folding where each fold opens in the opposite direction to its neighbour, giving a concertina or pleated effect.

  • Corflute

    A hollow fluted plastic board manufactured from lightweight extruded polypropylene.

  • Corner Marks

    Marks printed on a sheet to indicate the trim.

  • Crash Fold

    Folding a document more than once, subsequent folds fold over previous folds. For example, an A3 sheet folded to A4 and then crash folded to DL for mailing.

  • Crease

    An indent made in paper to make folding easier.

  • Creep

    When the middle pages of a folded booklet extend slightly beyond the outside pages.

  • Cyan

    The blue colour used in four-colour process printing.

  • CMYK

    The abbreviation for cyan, magenta, yellow and black. The colours used in our full-colour printing process.

  • CTP

    Computer-to-plate, a process of printing directly from a computer onto the plates used by a printing press, it eliminates the need for a separate film-to-plate exposure system.

D

  • Debossing

    An inverted form of embossing. An image or decoration is recessed into the paper, so it’s lower than the paper surface.

  • Densitometre

    An electrical instrument used to measure the density of a printed ink colour.

  • Digital Printing

    Printing by a plate-less imaging system. Printed sheets are produced directly from a computer file e.g. PDF, without being transferred onto printing plates. Various stock options are available for digital printing – with a max sheet size of 450(L)x330(H)mm.

  • Digital Proofing

    The final hard copy view of your artwork before it hits the press and your final chance to make changes. Digital proofing incurs an extra charge and is not compulsory.

  • Direct Mail, Fulfilment and Mail Merges

    Common mail distribution techniques. Our distribution services range from small mail merges and lodgements, through to large print orders to multiple locations across Australia.

  • Dot Gain

    The apparent increase in dot size, or tone value, measured on the press sheet compared with the size specified in a digital file or measured on the film separations. The increase is both optical and mechanical and varies with the type of paper and line screen being used. Dot gain is higher with uncoated paper or newsprint.

  • Drilling

    The process of drilling holes in printed material.

  • Dummy

    A mock-up made to resemble the final printed product using the planned grade, weight and colour of paper.

  • Dust

    Small paper particles that accumulate on the blanket of a printing press. These paper particles can cause spots or hickeys on printed material.

  • DPI (dots per inch)

    The measurement of resolution for page printers, phototypesetting machines and graphics screens.

E

  • Embossing

    A process which produces images or decorations that are raised above the surface of the paper.

  • Embedded Fonts

    A process that allows fonts to be viewed by all computers – even if they don’t have the same font installed. Essential for printing.

  • Encapsulation

    Hot reverse and cold front (gloss or matt) – The covering and sealing of your print work.

  • External Bleed

    When an illustration or image is extended beyond the edge of the page. CBS Printing requires a 3mm external bleed – anything that touches an edge must be extended a further 3mm past it. This allows for a small amount of movement in the printing process.

  • EPS

    Encapsulated Postscript File, a vector-based, computer graphics file format. EPS is the preferred format for many computer illustrations because of its efficient use of memory and colour control.

F

  • Finishing

    Any process that follows printing, including folding, stitching, binding, laminating.

  • Folding

    When a printed document requires folding for completion, for example A3 folded to A4 or A4 folded to A5.

  • Four-Colour Process

    Printing using four colour separation plates – yellow, magenta, cyan and black. The inks are translucent and can be combined to produce a wide range of colours.

  • FTP

    File Transfer Protocol, a method of transferring files from one computer to another over the internet without using email.

G

  • Gloss Cello

    A clear, shiny finish that brings out and emphasises colours. It makes images look brighter, adds definition and radiance.

  • Gluing

    A permanent method of fixing multiple items together.

  • Guillotine

    A machine used to trim stacks of paper. The guillotine-cutting blade moves between two upright guides and slices paper evenly as it moves down.

  • Gumming

    Similar to gluing, however it is not permanent. The gum becomes sticky when wet.

  • GIF

    Graphics Interchange Format, a highly compressed file format ideal for simple graphics with limited shading or colour variation. GIF format files of simple images are often smaller than if they were stored in JPEG format, but GIF format doesn’t store photographic images as well as JPEG. GIFs shouldn’t be used for files to be printed on an offset printing press.

  • Green Printing

    Green Printing is printing in a way which is environmentally friendly. This involves the use of more natural inks, recycled papers and energy conservation.

  • GSM

    Grams per square metre, a standard measure of the weight of paper.

H

  • Halo Effect

    When excess ink piles up around the outside edges of printed material. This causes the centre ink to seem lighter.

  • Hickies

    Dust or paper particles sticking to the printing plate or blanket. These appear on the printed sheet as dark spots surrounded by a halo.

  • Holdout

    A paper characteristic that prevents the stock from absorbing ink, allowing it to dry on the surface of the paper. A stock with better holdout results in a sharper image.

  • Hot Spot

    A printing problem which is caused by a piece of dirt or an air bubble interfering with plate making, leaving a weak area of ink coverage or significant dot gain.

I

  • Image Area

    Any part of the design to be printed, stamped or embossed.

  • Imposition

    The arrangement or layout of pages on a printed sheet.

  • Impression

    Refers to the number of plates hitting the press sheet.

  • Internal Bleed

    CBS Printing requires 3mm of internal bleed or type area. We recommend that you keep your important information at least 3mm in from the trim to allow for a small amount of movement in the printing process.

  • ICC

    International Colour Consortium, established by the printing industry to create, promote and encourage the standardisation of colour.

  • ICC Profiles

    Standard guidelines for colour management. The profile allows one piece of software or hardware to “know” how another device created its colours and how they should be interpreted or reproduced.

J

  • Jog

    To align sheets of paper into a compact pile before they go to the guillotine for trimming.

  • JPEG

    Joint Photographic Experts Group, a file compression format that allows high quality full colour or grey-scale digital images to be stored in relatively small files.

K

  • Key Colour

    In CMYK, the colour black is the key colour and represented with a K.

  • Knife, Forme Cut or Die Cut

    The process of cutting paper and card into different shapes after it has been printed. We can create just about any shape you can imagine.

L

  • Laminate

    A thin transparent plastic coating that is bonded to paper or board by heat and pressure. This provides protection, as well as a matt or gloss finish.

  • Laser Printing

    A method of printing that uses a laser beam to produce an image on a photosensitive drum.

  • Line Screen

    The resolution of a halftone, expressed in lines per inch (lpi). CBS Printing’s line screen ruling for offset print is 175lpi.

  • Lithography

    A printing process based on the principle of the natural aversion of water to oil. The printing plate is treated chemically when being made so that the image will accept ink and reject water.

M

  • Machine Glazed

    Uncoated paper with a polished finished on one side only.

  • Machine Varnish

    A thin, protective coating applied to a printed sheet to reduce marking or scuffing.

  • Make Ready

    All of the work done to set up a job, before beginning a press run.

  • Matt Cello

    A non-reflective varnish applied to a printed surface to protect it. A matt cello has a slightly granular look and tends to make colours look more vivid.

N

  • Numbering

    Printing sequential numbers on your printed material, from event tickets to limited edition series. Numbering can be printed in a number of different fonts and in black or red ink.

O

  • Offset

    A printing method that transfers an image from an inked plate onto a rubber blanket covered cylinder and then onto the printed surface.

  • Overprinting

    The process of printing over an area that’s already printed. Used to emphasise changes or alterations.

P

  • Pantone

    The name of an ink colour matching system, created by Pantone Inc of USA.

  • Parallel Fold

    A method of folding where two folds are parallel to each other. Two parallel folds produce a six-page sheet.

  • Perfect Binding

    A popular binding method, in which all of the sections are glued into a separate cover, with a flat spine. Depending on the number of pages and the weight of the paper some documents may be too slim to be perfect bound and will have to be wire-stitched.

  • Perforation

    A line of punched holes that allow a sheet of paper to be torn or folded accurately. You might also hear it called a perf.

  • Pixel

    A coloured dot that makes up an image on a computer or television screen.

  • Preflight

    In digital prepress this is the test used to used to analyse or evaluate every component needed to produce a high quality print job. The process helps reduce the likelihood of rasterisation problems and the subsequent production delays that they cause.

  • Primary Colours

    The three main colours in the printing world from which all other colours are created, cyan, magenta and yellow.

  • Printing Plate

    The surface that carries an image to be printed.

  • Proof

    A test print that shows how the finished product will look.

  • PDF

    Portable Document File, a type of formatting that enables files to be viewed on a variety of computers regardless of the program used to create them. PDF files retain the “look and feel” of the original document.

  • PMS

    Pantone Matching System, a standard that creates different ink colours by mixing inks with a minimal amount of base colour. A process guide shows how Pantone spot colours will appear when converted to process colours (CMYK).

  • PPI

    Pixels Per Inch, a measurement describing the size of a printed image. The higher the number, the more detailed the image will be.

Q

  • Quickset

    Lithographic inks are designed to obtain a tack-free state as soon as possible after printing to minimise the chance of setoff.

R

  • Raster Image

    Electronic representation of printable data using a grid of points called pixels. Each pixel contains a defined value about its colour, size and location in the image – this enables us to print, picture perfect.

  • Resolution

    The number of pixels in an image. The more pixels, the higher the resolution and the better the picture. For a good quality print result, colour and gray scale raster images (pixel-based/scans) should be 300dpi (maximum 350dpi). Mono raster images (bitmaps) should be 1200 dpi maximum.

  • Roll Fold

    A fold that keeps rolling onto itself.

  • RGB

    Red, Green, Blue, a model for describing colours that are produce by emitting light rather than absorbing it. They are known as additive colours because when they are added together they create all colours. RGB colours are what you see on your computer screen, these must be converted to CMYK for printing.

  • RIP

    Raster Image Processor, a production device used to convert a digital file into a raster image. The raster image is the electronic representation of printable data.

S

  • Saddle Stitch

    A form of binding commonly used by CBS Printing to create books and booklets from 8 to 64 pages. The book or booklet is stapled through the middle fold of its sheets using saddle wire.

  • Scoring

    Making a line or a crease in paper or board so that it can be folded cleanly. Scoring is recommended when you require folding on stocks heavier than 150gsm. It minimises cracking of the ink and paper at the edge of the fold.

  • Scumming

    A common printing problem that occurs when the non-image areas of the plate take on some ink. This often causes streaks on printed material.

  • Section

    A printed sheet that is folded to make multiple pages. Multiple sections are placed together to make up a book. Individual sections are either saddle-stitched or perfect bound together.

  • Set Off

    A printing problem that occurs when wet ink from the printed side of the sheet transfers to the back of the sheet above it.

  • Sheet Fed

    A printing press that prints single sheets of paper, rather than printing from reels of paper.

  • Slurring

    A printing problem caused by paper slipping during the impression stage. It causes smearing of the image.

  • Spot Colour

    A colour that’s not produced with our standard four-colour process, the colour is printed using ink made exclusively. It’s used when you require a very specific ink colour.

  • Spot Varnish

    Varnish is applied to a particular spot on your printed material – not the whole thing. It creates a shiny effect on just this spot and nowhere else.

  • Stock

    The general term for any paper or board that is used as a printed surface.

  • Strike-through

    The term used to describe when ink soaks through a printed sheet and shows up on the back of the sheet.

  • Swatch

    A sample of colours or paper stocks.

T

  • Transparency

    The ability of an ink or coating to allow light to pass through it. Process colours are transparent to allow them to blend and create other colours.

  • Trapping

    A process used in prepress to create an overlap between colours to allow for slight errors in the printing process. All vector elements are automatically trapped in our RIP process, and raster files are not affected.

  • Trim

    Cutting the printed product down to the correct size.

  • Trim Marks

    The guide marks on the printed sheet that indicate where you want to cut/trim the printed sheet.

  • TIFF

    Tagged Image File Format, a bitmapped file format used for the reproduction of digitally scanned images such as photographs, illustrations and logos.

V

  • Vector Graphics

    These are images created using mathematical statements that define geometric shapes. You can move, resize, and change the colour of vector graphics without losing quality. Unlike bitmaps, vector graphics are not dependent on resolution so you can scale them to any size without losing detail or clarity.

  • Viscosity

    The properties of tack and flow in printing inks..

W

  • Web Printing

    A web-printing machine accepts that substrate in a large roll (the web), either in lithographic, flexographic, or gravure processes. These are very fast presses and are the most economic for long run and high volume work.

  • Wet Trap

    When varnish or ink is printed over wet ink. The application is said to be a ‘wet trap’.

  • WYSIWYG

    What-you-see-is-what-you-get (pronounced “wizzywig”). Refers to systems that allow you to preview your print work on screen, the printed page will look the same as the preview.

Z

  • Z Fold

    A fold that looks like a Z.

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Logan Wilson

Logan Wilson

Sales Executive

The Thinker

Logan is methodical and precise, which is why he is the perfect person to look after CBS Printings key accounts. Logan’s ability to see the bigger picture is reason he is also the creative mind behind our marketing campaigns at CBS Printing.

Todd Wilson

Todd Wilson

Sales Manager

Hungry & Ambitious

As the youngest of the Wilson boys, Todd brings to CBS Printing his hunger for results. He is ambitious and will take on any challenges that come his way. Todd is dedicated to make sure customers receive the same standard of work each time they print with our company.

Stacie Hunt

Stacie Hunt

Finance Manager

The Eyes and ears of CBS

There isn’t much Stacie misses on a daily basis as she helps keep the team in check. As the finance manager, there isn’t a single detail missed by the thorough and extremely hard-working Stacie. From long hours to thoughtful input and endless value an employee, she makes sure all accounts and payments are up to date, so all jobs can leave the building on time.

Shannon Dyson

Shannon Dyson

Graphic Designer

The Wizard

Shannon is our creative mastermind at CBS. Any new and fabulous designs you see come from this man. His ideas are fresh and vibrant and is an invaluable asset to the team.

Sarah Middleton

Sarah Middleton

Project Manager

Friendly & Fun

Sarah is often the friendly face that will greet you when visiting CBS Printing. Her smile and love for great customer service is what drives her to deliver excellent service to all her customers.

Rebecca Wilson

Rebecca Wilson

Administration

Cheerful and Helpful

Bec is our helpful admin lady. Always happy and willing to give someone a hand. She is what holds it all together when the office is buzzing.

Neil Warner

Neil Warner

Bindery Manager

Dedicated & Committed to Perfection

Neil’s dedication to his role sees him do long hours to assure all jobs are completed on time. Neil is often one of the last people to work on your job before despatch, and his eye for details assures all work is completed to the highest standard.

Joshua Wilson

Joshua Wilson

Business Development Manager

Passionate & Driven to Succeed

Joshua is driven to help customers market their business in the best possible way. His need to succeed pushes him to find new opportunities to offer the market in the printing industry. He is always passionate to grow the business in new and exciting ways.

Jason Knight

Jason Knight

Account Manager

Reliable & Customer Driven

Jason’s number one priority is making sure his customers are always happy. He is known to go above and beyond in making sure his customer’s needs are always meet. A family man and a great bloke. Never short of the odd dad joke or two.

Bronwyn Kohalmi

Bronwyn Kohalmi

Digital Operator & Mail Fulfilment

Unbelievable Bronwyn

The level of work this amazing lady achieves is unbelievable. From managing the digital print projects, to organising mail fulfilment with ease, she is a member of staff that the company would struggle without. Her passion and dedication to her job sees her as a respected industry leader in her role.

Arden Earl

Arden Earl

Production Manager

The Work Horse

Young, energetic, and extremely organised. Arden is normally the first to arrive each day. His dedication to his role is the reason customers get their product produced and delivered on time. Arden drives his team to give 200% effort, and his energy levels are evident on how much work is produced each day by CBS Printing.

Adam Blount

Adam Blount

Press Operator

England’s Finest

All the way from her majesty’s home ground. This energetic legend of the print machine fits perfectly into our culture and finds himself at home on the largest machine we have. Adam’s experience and training in the printing industry, means all work is completed in the quickest time possible without any issues. Great sense of humour and a knack of getting completed 100% of his daily workload each day.

Ron Wilson

Ron Wilson

Operations Manager

Master of his Craft

Ron is experienced, knowledgeable, and master of his craft. There are none better then Ron when it comes to operating machines and ensuring the quality of print is 100% on every project. With many long hours on the production floor perfecting his trade, his passion drives the back end of the company forward day by day.

Malcolm Wilson

Malcolm Wilson

Retail Sales

Customer Service Master

With 20 years of experience, Malcolm has a wealth of knowledge. His experience with customers and his cheerful smile makes him a vital part of the team. His passion for customers and print ensures all customers that deal with him are always put first.

Stephen Wilson

Stephen Wilson

Estimator

Founding Father

As the founder of CBS, Steve’s 40 years of experience in the industry is not only an asset to the company, but also an essential part to the success and longevity of CBS Printing. Steve focuses on building great relationships with our suppliers to ensure we can provide the best products at the best prices.

Nathan Wilson

Nathan Wilson

General Manager

Process Driven & Knowledgeable

As the oldest Son, Nathan is the control centre, backbone and mastermind behind the success and drive of the company. Nathan’s knowledge, dedication and leadership are what makes the team show up every day in the right mindset. There is not often a day where Nathan is last to leave the office.

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